Woman scratching her hand - symptoms of milk protein allergy

Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema)

Atopic dermatitis, also known as eczema, is an itchy, red rash often associated with allergies. It commonly begins in the first year of life. The rash frequently appears in skin crease areas such as the elbows, knees, and wrists. It often affects the ankles, hands, feet, and face as well.

The skin is usually dry and scaly, and red bumps may appear. The skin can become raw or weepy when it is scratched, and skin thickening may develop in areas of chronic involvement. Affected skin may also be prone to bacterial and viral infections.

Eczema usually gets better as children get older, but it may persist into adulthood. Children with eczema often have other allergic issues. Approximately 75 percent of children with eczema go on to develop other allergies such as allergic rhinitis (hay fever) and/or asthma. Up to 50 percent of children with eczema have an allergy to a food, and eating that food may make the skin rash worse.

Common Symptoms

  • Itching
  • Skin bumps that may leak fluid when scratched
  • Thickened, cracked, dry, scaly skin
  • Patches of red, inflamed skin


There is no cure for eczema, but good daily skincare is essential to controlling the disease.

Bathing Tips


Stop Scratching

Treat the Rash