Skin conditions are one of the most common forms of allergy treated and managed by an allergist, a physician with specialized training and expertise to accurately diagnose your condition and provide relief for your symptoms. Skin allergies are caused by allergic reactions that occur on or under the skin. Irritated skin can be caused by a variety of factors. These include immune system disorders, medications, and infections. Our thorough testing process can help pinpoint any allergies you may have and lead the way toward an effective treatment strategy.
Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema)
Atopic dermatitis, also known as eczema, is an itchy, red rash often associated with allergies. It commonly begins in the first year of life. The rash frequently appears in skin crease areas such as the elbows, knees, and wrists. It often affects the ankles, hands, feet, and face as well.
The skin is usually dry and scaly, and red bumps may appear. The skin can become raw or weepy when it is scratched, and skin thickening may develop in areas of chronic involvement. Affected skin may also be prone to bacterial and viral infections.
Eczema usually gets better as children get older, but it may persist into adulthood. Children with eczema often have other allergic issues. Approximately 75 percent of children with eczema go on to develop other allergies such as allergic rhinitis (hay fever) and/or asthma. Up to 50 percent of children with eczema have an allergy to a food, and eating that food may make the skin rash worse.
- Patches of red, inflamed skin
- Skin bumps that may leak fluid when scratched
- Thickened, cracked, dry, scaly skin
There is no cure for eczema, but good daily skincare is essential to controlling the disease.
- Brief soak in bath once per day for 10-15 minutes
- Use mild skin cleansers
- Keep bathwater lukewarm
- Gently pat skin dry, avoid rubbing
- Use creams or ointments free of dyes and fragrance to seal in moisture
- Apply moisturizers immediately after a bath and several times per day
STOP ITCHING AND SCRATCHING
- Use antihistamines to relieve itching, several are available over the counter or by prescription.
- Keep fingernails trimmed and filed
TREAT THE RASH
- Apply topical steroids or other topical medications as directed by your doctor, these vary in potency
- In severe cases, your doctor may prescribe oral medications or medication injections to treat the rash