Non-allergic rhinitis has comparable symptoms as hay fever, but it doesn't involve the immune system. It can be triggered by airborne pollutants or fragrances, particular meals or beverages, medications, weather changes, or persistent health conditions.Make An Appointment
What’s Non-Allergic Rhinitis?
Chronic sneezing, nasal congestion, and runny nose are symptoms of non-allergic rhinitis (vasomotor rhinitis). Non-allergic rhinitis differs from allergic rhinitis because, unlike an allergy, it doesn’t involve the immune system, despite the fact that these symptoms are identical to those of allergic rhinitis (hay fever). When the immune system overreacts to an allergen, which is a normally harmless material, an allergic reaction takes place.
Non-allergic rhinitis symptoms can be brought on by a variety of factors, including airborne irritants or odors, particular meals or drinks, specific medications, climatic changes, or underlying chronic health issues. These symptoms may be intermittent or persistent.
SYMPTOMS OF NON-ALLERGIC RHINITIS
The symptoms associated with non-allergic rhinitis vary from patient to patient. Those with this condition may experience symptoms on and off throughout the year, in any season. While symptoms vary, the most common symptoms of non-allergic rhinitis are:
- Stuffy or runny nose
- Postnasal Drip
What Causes Allergic Rhinitis?
This is the most common trigger of non-allergic rhinitis and manifests as the “common cold.”
Changes in temperature or humidity levels can affect the delicate membranes within the nose, triggering rhinitis symptoms.
Food and Beverages
Some patients can have a non-allergic reaction to spice foods or alcohol, triggering symptoms of non-allergic rhinitis.
Dust, pollution, smoke, or perfumes can trigger this condition. Chemical irritants in an industrial environment can also be a trigger.
Aspirin, ibuprofen, and beta-blockers are a few drugs that can cause non-allergic rhinitis.
Treatment Options for Non-Allergic Rhinitis
It is essential to have an accurate diagnosis so you can manage your condition appropriately. Physicians often recommend allergy testing to rule out allergic rhinitis because the symptoms are so similar.
Non-allergic rhinitis is not curable, but many people find relief by avoiding triggers, using a saline rinse solution, or taking over the counter or prescription medications. There are many effective treatments for non-allergic rhinitis. Working in close consultation with a doctor can help patients develop the most effective treatment plan.
Treating non-allergic rhinitis can involve several interventions, including:
Patients can use an OTC saline nasal spray or make a saltwater solution at home. These solutions clean irritants from the nasal cavity, soothe the nose’s sensitive membranes, and thin out mucus.
Corticosteroid nasal sprays
In some cases, a doctor may wish to prescribe corticosteroid nasal sprays that help address inflammation. There are also OTC versions of these medications available, including Nasacort and Flonase. These medications can come with some possible side effects, including dryness, headaches, and nosebleeds.
Antihistamine nasal sprays
Even though allergens do not trigger non-allergic rhinitis, prescription antihistamine nasal sprays, including Astepro and Patanase, can sometimes be used to treat it. Oral antihistamines do not have the same therapeutic effect that these nasal sprays do.
Anti-drip anticholinergic nasal sprays
Asthma inhaler medications, including the prescription drug, Ipratropium, can also help treat some cases of non-allergic rhinitis. It comes in nasal spray form and is best for treating non-allergic rhinitis with a runny nose as its main symptom. Possible side effects include dryness in the nasal cavity and nosebleeds.
OTC and prescription decongestants, such as Sudafed or phenylephrine, are also treatment options for non-allergic rhinitis. Decongestants work by narrowing blood vessels in the nose to reduce congestion. These interventions can also come with some possible side effects, including increased blood pressure and restlessness.